What is a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)?
The birth of a baby is an exciting time. Every expectant parent has visions of a healthy bouncing baby, but in reality some newborns need specialized care when they enter this world. For these precious infants there is a dedicated location in some hospitals ready to provide the expert care they need – it’s a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Every year between 10 and 15 percent of babies born in the United States will end up in a NICU for reasons such as being born premature (born prior to 37 weeks gestation), birth defects, heart problems, breathing irregularities, infections, and other health complications.
Tired drivers cause an estimated 72,000 police-reported crashes a year according to The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). They estimated that about four percent of adult drivers have fallen asleep while driving in the past month. Drowsy driving happens when one hasn’t slept well, enough, or not at all. Untreated sleep disorders such as insomnia, sleep apnea, and narcolepsy can cause drowsy driving. Drowsiness slows reaction time, impairs judgment and vision, and interferes with information processing and short term memory.
School and sports are right around the corner. Sports physicals are an important part of returning to school. Anyone participating in school activities usually needs a pre-participation clearance from a licensed medical professional. Sports physicals, also called pre-participation physicals, are intended to identify those individuals who may be at risk for underlying health problems, especially heart problems. The most common identifiable cause of sudden death on the playing field is called cardiomyopathy.
Permanent scarring, loss of vision, dismemberment – these are too often the harsh realities of amateur fireworks use. To keep the public safe from fireworks-related injuries and deaths, you should treat fireworks, whether legal or illegal for consumers, as suitable only for use by trained professionals.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by insulin resistance and can result in life altering complications. The number of children diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes remains relatively small, but is on the rise. There are a number of risk factors that increase a child’s risk for developing Type 2 diabetes. There are also lifestyle changes that you can make to help prevent or delay the onset of this disease.
Food borne illnesses increase in occurrence during the summer months for a couple reasons. First, we naturally increase our activities, like weddings, picnics, graduations, cookouts and camping. These activities involve cooking outside the kitchen and in larger quantities, which in turn makes it more difficult to enforce quality control and reduce cross contamination. Secondly, nature has its own ways of increasing the likelihood of food poisoning.
Starting with some definitions, a stroke is an injury to the brain resulting from lack of oxygen to part of the brain or an injury from bleeding in the brain (hemorrhage). Ischemia occurs when oxygen supply / blood supply are cut off to an area of tissue, which can occur in essentially any organ in the body. When it happens in the heart, we call it a myocardial infarction or heart attack. When it happens in the brain, we call it a cerebral infarction or ischemic stroke, often shortened to just stroke.
Skin conditions such as dryness, rashes, warts, and acne commonly affect the pediatric population. At times, skin conditions can be multifactorial and don’t always respond to the same treatment for everyone. Below, I will highlight some of the most common skin disorders in babies, young children, and teens.